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Mid-Century Modern Style

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Lounge Chair and Ottoman by Charles Eames

Lounge Chair and Ottoman by Charles Eames

Photo (c) Herman Miller

The Mid-Century Modern style gave us clean lines, gentle organic curves, a love for different materials and designers that even today are perennial favorites.

There is some disagreement about when the period started exactly, but it lasted roughly from the mid-1930s to mid-1960s. However, the style continues to appeal to today's homeowners because of its timeless quality.

Background and Influences

This style grew in America from earlier styles such as Bauhaus which began in Germany and the International style, which grew from the Bauhaus style in America.

Cataclysmic world events such as wars can have far reaching effects. Many Bauhaus architects and designers migrated to America as a result of changes in Germany during World War II.

Changing economies and technological advances affect how we live, and what we want and need. With the expansion of cities and suburbanization, came the demand for modern furnishings for the new, quickly built modern homes, such as the Eichler homes built in California by Josef Eichler.

Take a look at some Eichler Homes here.

Production and development of a range of new materials made it possible to explore new textures and effects, and colors and even new form.

Distinguishing Features

The distinguishing features of this style are a classic, understated look, and clean lines with minimal fuss.

  • Functionality is important, as form follows function
  • Uncluttered and sleek lines and both organic and geometric forms
  • Minimal ornamentation
  • An exploration of different traditional as well as non-traditional materials.
  • Juxtaposition of different and sometimes contrasting materials.

Color and Materials

New methods of construction and new materials such as plastic, dramatically influenced later Mid-Century Modern designers. Plastic was used for its own qualities rather than to imitate wooden furniture.

There was a liberal use of traditional material, such as wood, and non-traditional materials such as metal, glass, vinyl, plywood, Plexiglass and Lucite

A vast range of color, including colors from neutral to bold, and a graphic use of black and white.

Mid-Century Modern Designers

There are several Mid-century Modern designers of note, and pieces designed by them have continued to inspire designers who came after them. Furniture pieces inspired by their designs, as well as copies are greatly sought after.

In America Herman Miller became synonymous with “modern” furniture, and worked with the likes of George Nelson and Charles and Ray Eames. Knoll is another company known for its classic furniture mid-century modern pieces.

Below are some of the best known designers of this period. This is by no means an exhaustive list:

  • George Nelson
  • Edward Wormley
  • Eero Saarinen
  • Harry Bertoia
  • Arne Jacobsen
  • Charles Eames and his wife Ray Eames
  • Eileen Gray
  • Isamu Noguchi
  • Verner Panton
  • Jens Risom
  • Alexander Girard

How to Furnish in Mid-Century Modern Style

As with any period, do not feel a compulsion to create a replica of those times. You can, if you feel compelled, but a lot of homeowners just starting out feel intimidated when tackling a style they love. It can also prove to be very expensive to get authentic pieces, even though many are still being made or have been revived due to demand.

Understand the distinguishing features of the style, and find pieces that echo that. Iconic pieces from this era have been adapted and copied endlessly, and chances are that you might be able to find pieces that fit your lifestyle needs and budget, even if you don't want to spend a fortune on furniture.

Buying vintage furniture is one way to do it, and even if you decide to buy new, generally one large piece can set the tone nicely. Build around it. It does not have to be a set, but avoid too many patterns and stay within a color range, especially for wood.

Some retailers where you can find Mid-Century Modern furniture, or furniture that is inspired by it:

  • Herman Miller
  • Knoll
  • Vitra
  • Design Within Reach or DWR
  • 2Modern
  • Room and Board
  • Crate and Barrel
  • Restoration Hardware
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